What is BIM? Building Information Modeling


New technologies have revolutionized building modeling systems and have caused more and more people to ask what is BIM.

Indeed, the term BIM has become popular globally in recent years, and the truth is that its assumptions and implications in the construction sector have been transcendental.

He Building Information Modeling (BIM), for its acronym in English, is a methodology that allows studying the entire life cycle of a certain project.

From its design phase to its subsequent demolition work (if strictly necessary).

Today we will tell you what BIM is, how it works and what the main ones are. advantages it offers to the construction sector.


If you are interested in knowing what BIM is, we invite you to pay attention to this article. Especially if you are not very familiar with this area.

The first thing we must clarify is that it is not software, but rather a collaborative work method.

In theory, Building Information Modeling, or BIM, is a novel collaborative and real-time methodology.

It is widely used in the management of construction projects, since through certain building modeling tools and software it allows all the data of a project to be centralized in a single model.

Modeling is usually done in three dimensions and in real time, which allows provides greater dynamism to the entire project.

In recent years it has been extremely useful for collecting data from a building in an organized way.

As a result, the management of architecture, construction and engineering projects has become more effective.

Without a doubt, the BIM allows you to address construction projects from a more globalized and comprehensive point of view.


One of the biggest attractions of Building Information Modeling is that supports the use of virtual data modeling.

They can be addressed by a multifaceted front-line team. This includes designers, as well as:

  • Engineers.
  • Architects.
  • Surveyors.
  • Landscapers.
  • Installers.
  • Designers.
  • Construction sector technicians.
  • Investors.
  • Construction companies.
  • Promoters (both public and private).

Each of the professionals participating in a construction project can contribute data to a unique model shared under this methodology.

In turn, BIM promotes integration between the agents involved in the project. The result is a higher level of collaboration and communication between the actors involved, through a model that has real data.

All the information generated by these agents during the life cycle of a building is stored in a Common Data Environment.

This information can come from multiple software, such as those that specialize in modeling, budgets, etc.

Additionally, it may contain the products necessary to carry out the work; as long as their:

  • Costs.
  • Characteristics.
  • Purchase information.

It is undeniable that this new technology has marked a before and after in architectural or construction design systems.

Previously, they were only based on one plane, but today the evolution is incredible.

Indeed, the BIM method also includes geometric information (3D), time (4D), costs (5 D), environmental impact (6D) and maintenance costs (7D).

It should also be mentioned that the new European directive on public procurement establishes the use of the BIM methodology in financed construction and building projects. with public funds for member countries.

Therefore, This method has been mandatory in Spain since 2018and also in many other European countries, such as the United Kingdom, Finland and the Netherlands.


What is BIM

Now that you know what BIM is and how it works, it is time to share its main advantages:

1. Offers a more accurate view

The BIM methodology offers you a more detailed vision of the project design. Literally simplifies the entire design process and makes the work easier for the agents or professionals who will take part in it.

2. Improves interactions between parties

At the beginning we told you that multiple agents are involved in a construction project. In ancient times this used to cause many conflicts, and above all, a great loss of valuable data and information.

Fortunately, Building Information Modeling has dramatically improved interactions between parties.

In addition, it allows them to access the information that is most relevant to their work in a direct and concise way.

3. Raise productivity levels

BIM technology has raised productivity levels among the parties involved, since the data is centralized, organized and available to everyone.

This change has been truly transcendent in the construction sector; to the point that it can increase return on investment of any project in a significant way.

4. Allows you to detect problems in real time

Detecting problems early is essential in the construction industry. If you are immersed in it and want to focus on solutions, and not conflicts, it is necessary that you become familiar with the BIM methodology.

Basically it allows you to access personalized reports to clarify doubts regarding any aspect of the project.

In addition, will help you save time and moneysince you will stay away from mistakes and problems on the constructive level.

In addition, it offers you the necessary tools to solve construction problems early and effectively.

5. It is a holistic methodology

BIM addresses a holistic process. This means that the creation and management of a built asset's information is 100% comprehensive.

It is based on a intelligent model capable of integrating multidisciplinary data and well structured, with the purpose of generating digital modeling of an asset during its life cycle.

That is, from the first moment of planning and design, until the construction phase and start-up of operations.

As a result, you can optimize both construction costs and construction times, which is fantastic.

6. Encourage environmental care

If you are wondering what BIM is, or if it has any link with the care of the natural environment, the answer is yes.

This methodology encourages development of sustainable and environmentally friendly works.

On the other hand, it is possible to use prefabricated construction materials, as well as recycle many of these materials when carrying out demolitions.

As you can see, Building Information Modeling has important and far-reaching benefits in the architecture and construction industry.


What is BIM? Throughout this article we explain what this methodology consists of and why it has been so iconic in the architectural sector.

For many, it has meant an unparalleled digital transformation, while proposing a greater transparency in public works.

This model has improved data management of construction projects, has streamlined work flows and has facilitated communication between the agents involved.

It has also had a favorable impact on risk prevention and the simulation of better security measures.

If you would like more information about this method, we invite you to contact CMYK Architects.

Their team will offer you comprehensive advice and will clear up all your doubts with efficiency and professionalism.

Lastly, don't forget to follow our page Facebook. This way you will stay updated on Architecture, Design and Construction.

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