Ceramic Ventilated Facades, everything you need to know…


The ceramic ventilated facades They have become one of the most innovative systems to insulate homes and buildings in Spain and other European countries.

Many wonder why they are so attractive. In reality, they represent a great aesthetic commitment and do not sacrifice thermal comfort in any sense.

Ceramic ventilated facades are composed of a supporting wall, a coating and a layer of insulating material.

In that way, create an air chamber between the coating that facilitates air circulation and the support structure itself.

If you are immersed in the architectural field, or need an insulation solution that does not break with avant-garde and aesthetic lines, we invite you to read this article in its entirety.

We will explain how this type of facades work and you will also learn about its main benefits.

The idea is that you understand the role they currently play, and why they have earned so much relevance in many academic circles in Europe.


Ceramic ventilated facades use a coating system that establishes a physical separation between its exterior face and the interior wall of the building.

This ingenious constructive solution generates a kind of open chamber that facilitates air renewal contained between the outer curtain and the wall.

In essence, the difference in density between the air contained in the chamber and the outside, due to heating, promotes natural air flow.

Without a doubt, the thermal, aesthetic, functional and acoustic advantages offered by these facades are increasingly extensive, which provides greater added value to this insulating solution.

Ceramic ventilated facades are also ideal for buildings that are continuously exposed to the sun.

What is this about? Basically, the lining material reflects a part of the thermal radiation and the other part that penetrates the chamber is eliminated by the refreshing air flow.


Ceramic ventilated facades are made up of the following elements:

The cladding defines the external face of the façade, and generally, It is made up of pieces of porcelain tile.

This system is made up of several resistant elements that are capable of transmitting, to the support, the stresses received from the coating.

The insulator is located in the external area of ​​the support. The latter refers to an extremely resistant construction element, such as a wall or floor.

It is usually located at the bottom of ceramic ventilated facadeswith the aim of transmitting its efforts to the structure of the building.

The air chamber is formed as a result of the separation that exists between the insulation and the coating.


ceramic ventilated facades

Today, ceramic ventilated facades are full of benefits and competitive advantages. The most relevant ones are listed below:

These facades are very thermally beneficial. Basically, they facilitate internal heat flow and enhance energy savings.

In addition, the insulation that is placed in the external area of ​​the walls and floors is crucial to avoid thermal points throughout the entire length of the façade.

In this way, exterior heat is not lost during the winter season, nor is heat captured inside the building during the summer season.

Some experts estimate that the energy saving What these insulation solutions entail ranges between 15% and 35%both in air conditioning and heating equipment.

Regarding the external heat flow, it is necessary to highlight that the insulator also provides a greater thermal mass.

This translates into an increase in the thermal inertia of the building. Consequently, energy is consumed more efficiently and without sacrificing the comfort of the people who frequent these buildings.

In general terms, the coating acts as a screen, since it reflects solar radiation and prevents it from penetrating the building.

The outer covering, together with the air chamber, attenuate outside noise in a dramatic way inside the building.

On average, the noise is attenuated between 10% and 20%. Therefore, the thermal comfort of the building is substantially optimized.

Ceramic ventilated facades are truly aesthetic. This is, in part, because they allow for a wide combination of sizes, textures, placements and colors.

The design of buildings can be decorated to the maximum with this type of facades. There is no doubt about that!

The constructive improvements experienced by works with ceramic ventilated facades are varied.

One of the most notable is related to the plumbing of the façade covering that is achieved with the anchors; avoiding the work of prior plumbing the exterior wall.

On the other hand, there is no need to plaster the outside of the wall, since it is completely covered with the coating and insulation.

There is no need to build a double wall either. What is really done is placing the insulation on the external face of the wall, to avoid creating a cavity.

At the same time, we must highlight the role played by the design of the anchors. Since the parts are easy to replace, it is easier to manipulate them.

As if that were not enough, the Facade rehabilitation work follows a simple and quick procedure.

Ceramic ventilated facades are highly functional. This means that they eliminate condensation on the inside of the wall, due to the insulation that covers its outside.

Additionally, the separations between the tiles create a very favorable air flow, known as the “chimney effect”.

In a nutshell, eliminate moisture in rainy conditionsand even condensation on the exterior area of ​​the insulation (as long as it occurs).

They also allow continuous ventilation in its internal chamber, while the system evacuates internal and external water vapor.

Consequently, energy savings in buildings are increased, while maintaining a comfortable and dry climate.

The facades also offer protection from the elements. Basically, ceramic coatings, which have porcelain tiles, are very resistant to rain, and even ultraviolet radiation.

Likewise, they prevent contractions of the support and eliminate the formation of cracks or fractures, since the air chamber acts as a large heat collector; keeping temperatures stable.


The installation system of ceramic ventilated facades involves the correct management of:

These can be made of concrete, wood or brick. Support walls are responsible for providing stability to buildings.

It is important to highlight that a ventilated façade must support the coating.

This chamber has two openings in the structure: lower and upper. Your work is facilitate continuous air circulation.

A perforated profile must be installed at the beginning of the façade so that air can flow without problems.

While at the crown of the façade a metal sheet finish is installed to prevent the passage of water.

The insulating layer can be installed inside or outside (although externally it is more effective).

It supports several models, depending on its type and thickness. Its materials are diverse and depend on the construction itself, that is, its location, orientation, etc.

Choosing a good covering material is vital. In some cases a wooden siding works better and in others it is necessary to install a metal siding.

However, the ceramic or porcelain coatings are the most recommended currently, since they have a greater durability and resistance.


Without a doubt, ceramic ventilated facades have become one of the most efficient coating and insulation solutions in Spain and other European countries.

Their popularity has increased in recent years, and today, they are seen as great aesthetic, functional and decorative solutions in terms of insulation.

So, would you like to invest in them in the immediate future? If so, we invite you to contact the team CMYK Architects sooner.

We guarantee that you will receive personalized advice and you will be able to dispel any doubts you may have regarding these innovative and disruptive facades.

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